The crown is a symbol of power and might. The word is derived from the Latin “crown”. The royal headdress actually originated from the wreath. It was worn by distinguished people in ancient Greece. The first iron crown was made approximately in the 3rd century for Emperor Constantine I.
At the moment they are not used for their intended purpose. They are the property of the state, are stored in museums or treasuries.
Crowns are made of precious metals, decorated with expensive stones. This is not just a headdress, it is a real piece of jewelry art. Among the great multitude, it is difficult to choose the most outstanding, but there are such specimens that are known everywhere because of their magnificence. In our article, we have collected the most beautiful crowns in the world.
10. Crown of Augustus the Strong
Poland, 17th century
The attribute is stored in the Dresden Armory. This is a piece with a unique history.
August the Strong is not the most famous historical character. He was king of Poland twice, but in order to achieve election, he had to pawn part of his inheritance and bribe representatives of the Polish nobility. Augustus doubted that he would be able to freely obtain royal insignia, so he ordered them to be made. His choice fell on the jeweler Johann Friedrich Klemm.
In 1697, Augustus received his own crown, but he was never able to use it. The king’s helpers stole the original regalia, and the Dresden crown became unnecessary. However, the king treated her with respect and perceived her as a personal mark of distinction.
Crown of Augustus the Strong made of gilded silver. Colored enamel and semi-precious stones were used as decoration.
nine. Crown of George V
Britain, XX century
Its second name is the Imperial Crown of India. Since 1878, this state was ruled by British monarchs, but only George V decided to visit India. In 1912, the coronation was to take place there, but it was strictly forbidden to take the royal regalia out of Britain. I had to do a dub.
Crown of George V cost a fortune – 60 thousand pounds. The jewelry company Rundell Bridge and Rundell took up the production. The base is gold and silver. Jewelry – diamonds (more than 6 thousand), 4 rubies and 5 emeralds. The velvet hat is trimmed with ermine fur. Framing – a crown and eight semi-arches, which converge under the ball with a Maltese cross. The weight of this crown is 970 grams.
Stored in the Tower, not used since 1936.
8. Crown of Louis XV
France, 18th century
Royal regalia, which survived after the French Revolution.
It was made especially for Louis XV. At the time of the coronation, the boy was 12 years old. He loved luxury in everything, so he decided to change traditions. The boy ordered another crown.
It was made by the famous jewelers Duflo and Rhonda. The main material is silver and gilding. Decorated with precious stones (diamonds, rubies, sapphires, emeralds, diamonds, including two large and famous ones (“Sancy” and “Regent”).
Crown of Louis XV kept in the Louvre, in the Apollo Gallery.
7. Crown of Anna Ioannovna
Russia, XVIII century
Made in 1730 by a group of Russian craftsmen headed by court jewelers Samson Larionov and Nikita Milyukov. They were given a difficult task – to create an ornament worthy of the empress in two months.
Crown of Anna Ioannovna made of silver and gold. A hoop with an arch symbolizes political power, and hemispheres symbolize church power. 2.5 thousand diamonds, rubies and tourmalines acted as decorations.
You can see it with your own eyes in the Armory (Moscow Kremlin Museum).
6. Crown of Anna of Bohemia
Britain, XIV century
The only regalia of the British Monarchy that managed to survive after the proclamation of the English Republic. The crown was taken out of the country, and now it does not belong to the treasury of Elizabeth II. Stored in the Munich Palace.
The crown is considered the pearl of jewelry of the Gothic period. Unfortunately, the name of the creator is unknown, but there is an assumption that he is a native of France.
At crown of Anna of Bohemia very unusual design. The crown is made of yellow gold in the form of a hoop decorated with lilies. There are 12 in total. The base strikes with an abundance of precious stones: sapphires, emeralds, rubies. The composition is completed with colored enamel, thanks to which the crown looks very bright.
five. Crown of Wilhelm II
Prussia, 19th century
The crown was not used for its intended purpose, it was made for heraldic purposes, as a tribute to tradition. The sketch was created by the artist Emil Depler. Jeweler – Hugo Chaper.
Crown of Wilhelm II made of gold and decorated with diamond roses. The top is made in the form of a cross, on which diamonds and sapphires are also placed. The inside is lined with red velvet.
Stored in Hohenzollern Castle, located in southwestern Germany.
4. Crown of Saint Stephen
Hungary, 10th century
Belonged to King Stephen, who was later canonized. The regalia is shrouded in myths and is still considered sacred. The history of its appearance is mysterious. According to one version, Pope Sylvester II handed over the crown, according to another, Otto III, but all of them are unreliable.
Crown of Saint Stephen consists of three parts: Greek and Latin crowns, cross. The material is gold, 19 images are covered with enamel and decorated with precious stones.
Stored in the Parliament Palace in Budapest.
3. Crown of Sophia Magdalena
Denmark, 18th century
Sophia Magdalena was an arrogant woman and refused to wear the “old” crown that Anna Sophia had previously worn. Her husband Christian VI was ready for anything for the sake of his beloved woman, he fulfilled this desire of hers. Crown of Sophia Magdalena strikes with luxury. Details of its creation have not reached our days. The name of the jeweler is unknown. The regalia is made of gold, replete with precious stones. Inside is a red velvet hat.
Stored at Rosenborg Castle in Copenhagen.
2. Cap of Monomakh
Russia, time period XII—XVI (I don’t know for sure, there are several versions)
Cap of Monomakh – the most ancient and valuable exhibit of the Armory (Moscow Kremlin).
At the moment, there are four theories regarding its origin. Recently, historians are increasingly inclined to believe that it was made in Russia.
The headdress is made of gold and is trimmed with sable trim. Gemstones are rubies, spinels and sapphires. A special difference is filigree (weaving from precious threads). The regalia is complemented by a massive golden cross. The hat weighs almost 994 grams.
The hat performed its direct function – crowning the kingdom for 178 years. It was replaced in 1762, when the first imperial crown was created.
one. Crown of Christian IV
Denmark and Norway, 16th century
She is rightfully considered the most beautiful in Europe. Created in 1595 by the jeweler Dirig Fiering. Gold, precious stones, colored enamel, pearls … However, it surprises not so much with luxury as with the interesting ideas of the master. It is decorated with allegorical figures, each of them symbolizing the strength and other virtues of the monarch. Its form is not typical for that time – the Crown of Christian IV is open. This is a sign of the continuation of the tradition of northern monarchs.
The regalia is kept in the treasury of Rosenborg Castle.